Pakistan Water Wells

Absolute inequalities are greatest in countries with the largest spread between the richest and the poorest, such as Pakistan for hygiene.1 Despite the access of 91% to improved water sources, but 88% of the water supplied is unsafe.2 Pakistan is running out of fresh water at a high rate, it’s anticipated that it is likely to suffer a shortage of 31 million acre-feet of water by 2025. The shortfall will be devastating for a country with an agriculture-based economy. Approximately 95 % of fresh water is utilized for irrigation, and yet the country is achieving a lower per acre crop production. In addition, nearly 70% of Pakistan’s population is directly or indirectly associated with agriculture, which accounts for 26 percent of its gross domestic product (GDP).

Furthermore, the majority of the 25 million people not using a toilet live in poor rural households or insecure urban informal settlements.3 This makes them the most difficult to reach. Exponential population growth in Pakistan has also dramatically changed the calculus of water demand, resulting in a reduced water availability per capita. The shortage of access to clean drinking water is becoming grave concern in Pakistan where many health problems are caused by water not meeting the basic needs of people either because of scarcity or contamination. UMR works closely with poor rural villages in order to address this equity problem as well as accelerate the rural communities to catch up with their 2030 SDG targets.

UMR’s funded project has delivered 93 modified shallow wells, open surface wells, and shallow wells to approximately 393,000 rural beneficiaries. More than 10,000 Women, Children and Elders Accessed to the Clean Water by Construction of Deep Water Wells under Sanitation and Hygiene Program in Pakistan.

Below are most common examples of beneficiary feedback, indicative of general living conditions of the recipient population:

1. Hardships of in Getting Clean Drinking Water (Heat + Long Distance)

  • Context: Tando Muhammad Khan District is a district in the southern part of Sindh province in Pakistan. Summers are the hottest in Tando Muhammad khan. Due to climatic change there have been drought in Tando Muhammad khan due to which day to day activities have become unattainable. The poor community of TM KHAN had already submitted applications to Muslim Aid Pakistan Field Office for providing safe drinking water. The humanitarian team constituted a committee for conducting the survey to confirm the place and community concerns for which the applications are received. Muslim Aid Pakistan Humanitarian team scrutinized the applications and gave the priority for the most deserve one. After the survey we hired a vendor along with labours and a digging machine. We monitored and evaluated the work regularly until completion.
  • Testimony: The resident of Tando Muhammad khan expressed with gratitude that providing clean drinking water to the poor community is really praiseworthy services. He also added that before execution of this well the people were facing many hardships in getting clean drinking water by walking miles away and also there had been many problems.

Kenya Water Wells

The importance of clean and safe water in rural areas cannot be emphasized. Having access to clean water ensures that families avoid water-borne illnesses, can keep up with hygiene, and the overall public health of a community is strengthened.

UMR Kenya has been working for years bringing shallow wells and boreholes to areas in need.

In September 2019, UMR completed the construction of 4 water wells in Garissa County, Kenya. Prior to this construction, women and children had to walk for miles, oftentimes though unsafe areas, to reach water that was not even clean.

In Wajir County, Kenya is a water-deficient county with no perennial rivers. Only 7% of residents use improved sanitation. In February 2020, UMR completed the construction of 2 shallow water wells in two villages in Kenya. Now that construction is complete, approximately 300 families will benefit from the clean water brought from the wells. Of these households, 6 families have orphans and 13 families have persons living with disabilities.

Water Wells for Cambodia

Cambodia Water Wells

Cambodia has the lowest rural sanitation coverage in the region. Sustainable water access remains a challenge, with high rates of inoperable water facilities. Rural access to both water and sanitation is further exacerbated by recurrent flooding.1 Some 3.9 million of those without access to safe drinking water in Cambodia are poor and live in rural areas.2

In parallel, ground water is widely used for domestic water supply in Cambodia and is increasingly being used for small scale irrigation. It is proposed that small scale pump irrigation from groundwater can circumvent the large investments in storage and transmission infrastructure required for surface water irrigation.3

UMR’s funded project has delivered 20 water wells, hand pump wells, and shallow tube ring wells for 1,368 rural beneficiaries, and conducted beneficiary sensitization trainings on water safety, benefits of safe water, personal/environmental hygiene and maintenance of wells.

Below are most common examples of beneficiary feedback, indicative of general living conditions of the recipient population:

1. Seasonal water shortage during drought (April-June), and use of unprotected unimproved surface water:

  • Context: Slaeng village situates not too far from Kompong Thom town, however, there is no running water supplies available or connection from the town. This village has faced with drought issue during April to June this year. The people in this village have to pay for water consumptions from local water suppliers.
  • Testimony: “We have to go collect water from differences sources, sometimes from ponds and sometimes from somebody’s wells. Every year, especially in dry season, we always face water shortage. We have to buy water costing 7,000 KH-Riels (1.75US Dollar) per jar from local suppliers. We are now very, very excited and happy that Muslim Aid and UMR had installed clean water well for our families. We no longer walk anywhere for water anymore because now we have water well nearby. Thanks so much to Muslim Aid and UMR.” said Mr. Cheng Choup (49 year-old).4</>

2. Double burden for women and girls:

  • Context: Muslim Aid Cambodia (MAC) field staff in collaboration with Kampong Thom Provincial Department of Rural Development (PDRD) and local authorities identified that a number of households in Chamna village, Sala Visai commune, Prasat Ballangk district had lack access to clean and safe water. PDRD and commune have expressed their concern of the lack and difficulty of these people in this village. Selected beneficiaries are the poor farmers and have no capabilities to affordably pay for a water-well installation.
  • Testimony: “Before I go to school, I have to collect water from somebody’s well for my family. But now I am very happy that has water well nearby. I do not need to go far for water anymore, says Sr. Saphorn, 12 years old, a daughter of Sam Sokha, who is living in Chamna village, Sala Visai commune, Prasat Ballangk district of Kampong Thom Province.” 5

3. Groundwater use for small scale irrigation

  • Context: A number of households in Prasat village, Prasat commune, San Tuk district had lack access to clean and safe water.

Testimony: Mr. Sam Phang (47 years old), a father of three children and a disability people who is living in Prasat village, Prasat commune, San Tuk district of Kampong Thom province. He is a poor farmer that has no ability to pay for well installation. But now after his family got this water well from UMR they plant crop and vegetable for supporting their family. They are so happy.” 6

UNICEF Cambodia Issue Brief.
UNICEF (2014) World Water Day. Press Release (PHNOM PENH, Cambodia 21 March 2014) https://www.unicef.org/cambodia/12681_22270.html
IWMI – ACIAR Investing in Water Management to Improve Productivity of Rice-Based Farming Systems in Cambodia Project. Issue brief #3, June 2013.
Recorded by: 8033 Sadia Zubairi July 2015
Recorded by: 2531 Assya Abdallah August 2015
Recorded by: 8256_Abdul Ahad Hayee_July 2015
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