Protracted displacement is widespread in Sudan,
The result of two major civil wars and the conflict in Darfur.
Population: 40 Million
Development Context: Sudan has been afflicted by internal conflicts, international isolation from the World economy due to comprehensive US sanctions (lifted in 2017), and chronic economic shocks as a result of political instability.
Drought and flash floods. While Sudan is very arid, more than 82 percent of people live in rural areas and are largely dependent on rain-fed subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry for their livelihoods. These climatic conditions have overlapped with conflict and economic and political instability to create extremely high levels of food insecurity.
In 2018, UMR created a robust domestic disaster relief and recovery framework. UMR staff deployed on five separate occasions for three natural disasters: Hurricane Florence, Hurricane Michael, and the California Wildfires.
UMR also focuses on preventative healthcare and spreading awareness on breast cancer prevention, treatment and screening.
This signals some optimism in the opportunity to help both local host and refugee communities re-engage in trade and overcome hardship in the foreseeable future.
Sudan serves as a source, destination and transit for irregular migration, including refugees and asylum-seekers using the East African North-bound migratory route through Libya to Europe.
The majority of people displaced by conflict live in South, North and Central Darfur states, which were hosting about 1.5 million IDPs as of the end of 2018. There were also 185,000 in South Kordofan and 47,000 in Blue Nile.
On 24 January 2020, Sudan signed a peace framework agreement with one rebel group of the SRF (Sudanese Revolutionary Front) to be followed by a comprehensive peace agreement with armed groups before mid-February 2020. The peace talks will also include consultations from IDP representatives.
UMR's Advancement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Sudan
Severe Economic Crisis
Sudan has been in a severe economic crisis since the beginning of 2018. The removal of wheat import subsidies and the devaluation of the Sudanese pound led, inter alia, to a sharp increase in the price of staple foods.
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