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August 9, 2023

Importance of Charity in Islam

Importance of Charity in Islam

August 9, 2023

Importance of Charity in Islam

Importance of Charity in Islam

In a world where materialism and self-interest seem to rule most of the time, compassion and empathy are essential ideas in many cultures and religions. Among these, Islam is a shining example of generosity and selflessness. It emphasizes the value of charity as a fundamental pillar of faith. Charity is an integral part of the Islamic faith because it is based on the lessons of the Quran and the traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW).

In this blog, we’ll take a trip to the heart of Islam’s teachings and look at the deep meaning of generosity in Islam. Charity, which in Arabic is called “sadaqah” or “zakat” is more than just giving money or things. It shows a spiritual link, a bond of compassion that brings people together in their search for a fairer and kind world.

Types of Charity in Islam

In Islam, the concept of charity (sadaqah) holds significant importance as a means of helping those in need and earning spiritual rewards. There are various types of charity in Islamic teachings. Here are some of the main types:


Zakat is one of the Five Pillars of Islam and is obligatory for Muslims who meet specific financial criteria. It is a form of wealth purification and redistribution to help the less fortunate. Muslims must give a portion (usually 2.5%) of their accumulated wealth and assets (including money, gold, silver, and trade goods) to those in need.


Sadaqah is a voluntary form of charity. Muslims can give it at any time and in any amount. It is not obligatory. But Islamic teachings highly encouraged Muslims to do it.. Sadaqah can take various forms, including monetary donations, giving food, clothing, or any other form of assistance to those in need. “Your smile for your brother is charity” – (At-Tirmidhi, 187)

Sadaqah Jariyah

This refers to a continuous or ongoing form of charity. It includes actions that have a lasting positive impact, such as digging a well, building a school, or planting trees, which continue to benefit people long after the initial act.

Zakat al-Fitr

It is a unique form of charity in Islam. Muslims give it at the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. Muslims must give Zakat al-Fitr before the Eid prayer. The purpose is to ensure that even those fasting have access to food and necessities during the festive occasion.


Kaffara involves expiation for certain violations of Islamic laws. It usually involves acts of atonement, often combined with charity, to seek forgiveness for specific transgressions.


Waqf refers to the endowment of a property, asset, or investment for charitable purposes. The principal amount remains intact, and the generated income or benefits are used for charitable activities, such as building mosques, schools, hospitals, or assisting the poor.


Qurbani or Udhiyah is the act of sacrificing an animal (such as a sheep, goat, cow, or camel) during the Islamic festival of Eid al-Adha. Muslims distribute the meat from the sacrifice among the needy and the individual performing the sacrifice. This symbolizes willingness to make sacrifices for the sake of God and sharing with others.

Interest-Free Loans (Qard Hasan)

Providing loans without charging any interest is considered a form of charity in Islam. The lender helps those in need without seeking any financial gain.

Supporting Orphans and Widows

Islamic teachings highly emphasized to provide for orphans and widows. Helping them financially and emotionally is an act of charity and kindness.

Charitable Donations for Specific Causes

Muslims are encouraged to give to causes such as providing clean water, healthcare, education, disaster relief, and more. These donations fall under the broader category of sadaqah.

Charity as a Pillar of Islam

Charity, including Zakat, is one of the most essential parts of Islam’s Five Pillars. The act of giving in Islam is not merely a matter of personal choice or generosity; it’s a religious obligation. The Quran explicitly commands the giving of Zakat and emphasizes the importance of charity throughout its verses. By making charity an obligatory act, Islam encourages Muslims to actively participate in creating a just and equitable society.

The Rewards of Charity

According to Islam, acts of charity hold numerous rewards in this life and the hereafter. 

Rewards in This Life

  1. Inner Satisfaction and Happiness

Doing good things for others makes you happy and satisfied. Helping others and making a big difference in their lives can give you a deep sense of satisfaction and happiness.

  1. Better Social Connections

When people do good things for others, their social connections and networks often improve. Participating in philanthropic activities can help people meet people who share their values and improve their sense of community and connection.

  1. Positive Reputation

People who do good things for others regularly tend to get a good name in their neighborhoods. This could make other people respect, admire, and notice you more.

  1. Reduced Stress and Anxiety

Giving to others has been linked to less stress and less worry. Helping others and doing kind things can give people a sense of purpose and take their minds off their problems.

Rewards in the Hereafter

  1. Eternal Rewards in Paradise

One of Islam’s most emphasized rewards for giving charity is the promise of entering Paradise (Jannah). The Quran mentions that those who spend their wealth for the sake of Allah and help those in need will be rewarded with a place in Paradise.

  1. Forgiveness of Sins

Charitable acts expiate and cleanse a person’s sins. Giving to those in need is a means of seeking forgiveness from Allah and purifying one’s soul.

  1. Intercession on the Day of Judgment

“The believer’s shade on the Day of Resurrection will be his charity.” – Al-Tirmidhi

The Prophet Muhammad taught that charity would intercede for the giver on the Day of Judgment, seeking Allah’s mercy and forgiveness on their behalf. 

  1. Shelter on the Day of Resurrection

In the Hadiths, it is mentioned that giving charity will provide shade and protection to the giver on the Day of Resurrection, a day of great turmoil and distress.

  1. Elevation of Ranks

Charitable acts are seen as a means to elevate one’s spiritual status and rank in the eyes of Allah. The more one engages in acts of charity, the higher their status will be in the hereafter.

  1. Multiple Rewards

The concept of multiplying rewards for charitable deeds is also present in Islam. If you plant a tree, you will get rewards until people get benefits from the tree. It is called “Sadaqah Jariyah”. It means ongoing charity for the people of today and the future.

Significance of Charity in Islam

“The example of those who spend their wealth in the cause of Allah is that of a grain that sprouts into seven ears, each bearing one hundred grains. And Allah multiplies the reward even more to whoever He wills. For Allah is All-Bountiful, All-Knowing.” 

-Surah Baqarah:261

Charity holds immense importance in Islam. It embodies key principles of compassion, social justice, and community welfare. Obligatory “Zakat” requires Muslims to give a portion of their wealth to those in need, promoting wealth distribution and reducing disparities. Voluntary “Sadaqah” extends kindness beyond obligation, fostering empathy and humility. 

Through charity, Muslims purify their souls, detaching from materialism and nurturing gratitude. It unites the community, strengthening bonds by aiding the less fortunate. Inspired by Prophet Muhammad’s exemplary generosity, charity fosters goodwill and acts as a practical expression of faith. This practice holds temporal and spiritual rewards. Allah promises blessings in this life and the Hereafter for it. Importance of Charity in Islam By addressing societal inequalities and supporting diverse causes, charity amplifies Islam’s impact on humanity. In essence, charity symbolizes the core values of Islam, serving as a bridge between believers and their Creator. 

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