During Ramadan, fasting is an important and rewarding part of faith. It is the fourth pillar of Islam and a hard way to worship. Allah lets Muslims make up for the fast if they can’t finish it because of something out of their control. “Fidya” is the act of making up for fasts that were missed. Muslims must pay it if they have a good reason for not being able to fast and won’t be able to make up the fasts later.
For each Ramadan fast you missed, you can pay fidyah online or donate two meals to those in need. There is another term kaffarah for breaking fast during Ramadan. The difference is if you are breaking your fast deliberately or unintentionally.
Kaffarah refers to purposefully breaking the fast without a good reason, while fidyah payment is for delaying/not fasting due to illness or valid reasons. Some of the valid reasons include:
If you are experiencing any of those above, you can pay fidyah.
But if you break your fast intentionally, you have to pay kaffarah. For every missed fast, the fidya payment is enough to feed one person. But when you pay kaffarah, you have to pay enough to feed 60 people for every fast you miss. You can also pay kaffarah online to non-profit and trustable organizations like UMRelief if you are unable to find this amount of people. UMR will surely utilize your kaffarah donation to feed 60 people around the world.
Fidya donation benefits the community in many ways than just making up for missed fasts. Donations of food and money go to help starving people and their families all over the world. Thus, Allah still recognizes and appreciates one’s good deeds, even if one is unable to fast due to illness. In order to strengthen one’s faith during the holy month of Ramadan, it is necessary to grasp the meaning of fidya and make charitable contributions.
Fidyah was considered to be a Sa’, half a Sa’, or a Mudd. Sa’ and Mudd are obsolete measuring devices from the Prophet’s (PBUH) time. But are no longer in use. Today’s Fidyah calculation approximates the grain contribution from these metrics to grams/kilograms. The two most common computations are:
To put it simply, for each missed fast, your fidyah payment must provide two meals to one impoverished person. Now, depending on time and location, the amount varies. Every year the price of food increases and the prices of food are different depending on the country.
It is also possible to pay Fidya’s value in a currency. Fidya Ramadan for each missed fast is $10. This is enough food for two meals for one person or one meal each for two people. If, however, a person fails to observe all Ramadan’s fasting requirements for a valid reason, they will be required to pay $300.
For Kaffarah, you have to pay $600 for each intentionally missed Ramadan which will be used to feed 60 people. So, to figure out how much you have to pay, multiply $600 by the number of fasts you missed or broke on purpose.
This calculation is only applicable for 2023 Ramadan. It may change for the next Ramadan depending on the economic circumstances.
As the amount varies for fidya and kaffarah, the time of giving them also varies from each other.
You should pay it before you miss a fast or before Ramadan if you know you can’t fast for the whole month. If you break your fast during Ramadan, you should pay fidya immediately. You have to pay your fidya before the holy month of Ramadan ends.
It is payable at any time during the year. But you are encouraged to pay it during Ramadan as it bears more rewards. Because during Ramadan, every good deed is rewarded heavily.
Only the impoverished and the needy are eligible to get fidyah. Fidyah is considered by scholars to be similar to zakat, thus individuals who are eligible to receive Zakat are also considered to be eligible to receive it.
Before, each person took care of their own Fidya and gave it to people in need in their group and circles. Several institutions and platforms are now helping with the process of giving out Fidya. These have helped organize and distribute the Fidya to meet the needs of people in the modern world. Also, as the number of Muslims grows, these institutes make sure that Fidya gets to the right people around the world and that the whole Muslim community is involved.
United Mission for Relief and Development (UMR) has many Ramadan projects. Via these projects, your Fidya and Kaffarah will be distributed to those who need them most. In many nations around the world, we feed the underprivileged. These nations’ citizens are helpless victims of conflict, famine, drought, displaced populations, natural calamities, and poverty.
UMR’s “Pass the Plate” is a program where we feed the poor from different underprivileged countries. We distribute Ramadan food baskets and Iftar donations during the whole month of Ramadan. As fidya and kaffarah both include feeding people, your donations are efficiently utilized.
So, pay fidya and kaffarah online to our organization and we will surely deliver them to the person who needs them the most.
You can pay fidyah online via trustable non-profit organizations like United Mission for Relief and Development (UMR).
If you skipped fasting owing to illness, old age, or other valid reasons, you can pay fidya. Otherwise, you have to pay Kaffarah.
No, pay fidyah during Ramadan. You can pay fidya before Ramadan if you know your fasts will be interrupted for a justifiable reason.
If you have to break your fast for legitimate reasons, you have to pay fidya before the holy month of Ramadan ends.
During the holy month of Ramadan, the rewards of any good deed are increased. So, pay fidya online and kaffarah during this Ramadan. By doing so, you are not only erasing your sins but also gaining a lot of rewards. Besides, you are helping people to stay full and nourished during Ramadan. Your donations will bring smiles and happiness to the poor.